you should know about stroke.
- Stroke does not discriminate.
Everyone is at risk.
- 600,000 Americans will have a
new or recurrent stroke this year...160,000 will die.
- 28% of strokes occur in people
under the age of 65.
- Stroke is the No. 3 cause of
death among Americans
- Stroke is a leading cause of
serious, long-term disability.
What is a stroke?
Stroke is a form of
cardiovascular disease that affects the arteries of the brain. A
stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and
nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts.
When that happens, part of the brain can't get the blood (and
oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.
Clots that block an artery cause
ischemic (is-KEM-IK) strokes, which account for about 70-80% of
Ruptured blood vessels cause
hemorrhagic (hem-O-REG-IK) strokes.
When part of the brain dies from
lack of blood flow, the part of the body it controls is
affected. Strokes can cause paralysis, affect language and
vision, and cause other problems.
Medical Risk Factors
Lifestyle Risk Factors
- High Blood Pressure
- Diabetes mellitus
- Heart Disease
- TIAs (transient ischemic
attack in which a blood clot temporarily clogs an artery)
Risk Factors of Life
- Tobacco use
- Physical Inactivity and
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Illegal drug use
Stroke Warning Signs
- Increasing age
- Male sex
- Heredity and race
- Prior stroke
- Sudden numbness or weakness of
the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body.
- Sudden confusion, trouble
speaking or understanding.
- Sudden trouble seeing in one
or both eyes.
- Sudden trouble walking,
dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
- Sudden, severe headache with
no known cause.
Don't ignore the warning signs of
stroke, even if they go away! Knowing these warning signs may
help you save your life or the life of someone you love.
What can you to prevent a
- Schedule an appointment with
your doctor to see if you're at risk for stroke. Know your
- Take recommended steps to
control your risk factors (e.g. diet, exercise).
- Know the warning signs!
- Stroke is a medical emergency!
- Respond quickly and call